Julio wrote:BTW. Why did Weiss call it the infidel Sonata?? was being turkish like being an infidel? IDK...
hi Julio -- you have probably found the answer to this by now, but for anyone else who is curious, it seems worth posting the following three quotes which were to hand -
"Aside from being one of his most popular suites, Weiss' L'Infidele is also a departure from tradition in some ways as it is influenced by Turkish music and culture. The title means 'the unfaithful'. In the 1680s, the Ottoman Empire lay siege on the city of Vienna. While the siege failed, it gave birth to a rage for all things Turkish, including music, art, and of course coffee. Weiss wrote this suite around 1719 while he was in Vienna, and he was no doubt influenced by this. The title refers to the reluctance of the Islamic Ottoman forces to embrace Christianity." - Jon Mendle
"The colourful title of the work can be best explained by the occasional presence of surprising 'oriental' intervals, most notably at the beginning of the minuet. The parallel between musical treatments that were 'unfaithful' to conventional harmonic rules, and the usage of the same term to describe Muslims who were reluctant to embrace Christianity must be understood in the context of 1683 when the Turkish advance through Europe was arrested at the gates of Vienna. The leader of the successful Christian forces was Johann III, King of Poland whose successors were to rule Dresden during Weiss's lifetime, since Saxony and Poland were under the same crown. It is interesting to note also that Weiss was in the service of the Polish royal family during his stay in Rome... The courante (Cour:) mixes nostalgia with liveliness while offering completely original compositional techniques, the best examples of which can be found in the elaborate cadences at the ends of both sections." - Michel Cardin
"The sonata... has two versions. One of them is kept at the Saxony State Library in Dresden, while the second manuscript is owned by the British Museum in London (both versions differ in some details). The second manuscript is named 'L'Infidele' - Unfaithful. [During his European trips] Weiss also visited Vienna (1719). At that time the popular style was so called 'gallant', one, among others influenced by the chatacteristic music of Turks who besieged the city at the end of the 17th century. [In] the sonata L'Infidele we can observe these inspitarational sources (bourdon background tones, oriental melodies, interval steps, percussion, etc). Also (the) name of the sonata is of the same origin. The Catholic Austria considered Turks misbelievers due to their Islamic religion - ie 'unfaithful'. Therefore the name of the sonata is 'Unfaithful'." - Petr Saidl