D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

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The classical guitar lessons are free. They are aimed at the isolated amateur who does not have access to a teacher. To join the class, apply for registration into the students group.

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Jean-François Delcamp
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D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Jean-François Delcamp » Tue Nov 06, 2018 8:59 am

Hello everyone,
Please start by downloading the latest version of volume D05.
If you are new to the course, please read this message to familiarize yourself with the conditions for participating in the lessons. You should also read the first message in lesson 1, where you will find advice on how to make the most of your study time and on the methods of practising that I recommend.



Now we are going to work on a series of exercises:
To render polyphony clearly, you have to be able to control the force applied by each of the fingers plucking the strings.
Here is a little exercise. The first few times that you try it, the exercise will seem impossible to master. Tell yourself that this difficulty, though very real, will be resolved after an hour of diligent work.


We'll start with 2 voices, exercise 107, page 159.
- Bring out the bass played with the thumb. Then bring out the soprano played with the ring finger.

Next, 3 voices, exercise 108 page 159
- Bring out the bass played with the thumb. Then bring out the soprano played with the ring finger. Then bring out the alto played with the middle finger.

And now 4 voices, exercise 109 page 159
- Bring out the bass played with the thumb. Then bring out the soprano played with the ring finger. Then bring out the alto played with the middle finger. Finally bring out the tenor played by the index finger.



Once you've managed to bring out a single note in a chord, you've got it beaten!
The easiest thing to start with is to bring out the bass with the thumb.
It can help to exaggerate the movement of whichever finger is plucking more strongly than the others, as I demonstrate on this video.

There are other ways of distinguishing one voice from another. You can apply a different articulation to one voice from that applied to another. For instance, you might play one voice staccato and the other legato. You can also distinguish voices by varying the timbre of each voice. For example, you could play the bass with the flesh of the thumb and the other voices with the nails. We'll see these other techniques in the next lessons.




Today we'll look at 5 pieces.
- page 18 Hans Neusiedler (1508-1563) Wascha mesa
This piece in two sections is based on a sequence of 4 chords: D minor, C major, D minor, A major.
This sequence of 4 chords is repeated in bars 5 to 8, with the last two chords both incorporated into bar 7, in order to be able to finish on the tonic in bar 8, with a chord of D minor. Luys de Narvàez made use of the same contracting together of two chords in bar 7 of his Diferencias sobre guardame las vacas (previous lesson).
As for the rhythm, in the first section, bars 1 to 24, the beat is divided into 4 eighth notes (quavers). In the second section, bars 25 to 64, the beat is divided into 3 eighth notes (quavers). The tempo remains the same, with the overall length of a bar switching from a half note (minim) to a dotted quarter note (dotted crotchet).
Feel free to improvise on this sequence of 4 chords.



- page 46 Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) Menuet Anh. 132
This is a minuet with two voices, in the binary form (AABB). The minuet here is in E minor. The first part concludes in the key of the relative major, G major. The second part concludes in the main key, E minor.



- page 76 Johann Kaspar Mertz (1806-1856) Ländler opus 12 n°1
A Ländler based on 3 chords, A major, D major and E major (the three bass strings of the guitar). It's easy to make it ring out. The 3 eighth notes (quavers) which start the Ländler can be played freely, without strict tempo. This will help to emphasise (by contrast) the stability of the tempo from bar 9.



- page 86 Juliàn Arcas (1832-1882) Preludio en re mayor
This prelude is made up of arpeggios. The second part makes systematic use of the diminished 7th chord.




- page 108 Cristóbal Oudrid (1825-1877) El postillon de la rioja
Here we have a transcription in A minor by Juliàn Arcas. The work uses the rhythm of the polonaise.




I ask you first to work on all these exercises and tunes for a week and then to upload your recordings of:
- page 159 Delcamp Polyhponie N°109
- page 18 Hans Neusiedler (1508-1563) Wascha mesa
- page 108 Cristóbal Oudrid (1825-1877) El postillon de la rioja


Good luck!


I thank Geoff (GeoffB) who has helped in the translation of my lessons into English.


Jean-François


Exam qualifying submissions: :
Delcamp Polyhponie N°109
Hans Neusiedler (1508-1563) Wascha mesa
Cristóbal Oudrid (1825-1877) El postillon de la rioja
:( + ♫ = :)

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Chu Bun
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Chu Bun » Thu Nov 15, 2018 5:51 am

Submission for the Wascha mesa piece. This is a relatively straight forward piece, no notes beyond the 5th position, no crazy tuning, ...



I'll be travel quite a bit in the next few weeks, not sure how to find time to finish the rest of the assignment.

Colin Bullock
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Colin Bullock » Thu Nov 15, 2018 9:06 am

Chu Bun wrote:
Thu Nov 15, 2018 5:51 am
Submission for the Wascha mesa piece. This is a relatively straight forward piece, no notes beyond the 5th position, no crazy tuning, ...
Sounds good, very even sound and tempo so you’re very confident with it.
Might use this as a starter now my hand is healing - no nasty barres and stretches.

Hope your travelling goes well

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Thu Nov 15, 2018 3:02 pm

Chu Bun wrote:
Thu Nov 15, 2018 5:51 am
Submission for the Wascha mesa piece. This is a relatively straight forward piece, no notes beyond the 5th position, no crazy tuning, ...


I'll be travel quite a bit in the next few weeks, not sure how to find time to finish the rest of the assignment.
Yup, a fairly straight forward piece, the only real difficulty is getting the rhythm right all the way through, but you certainly have that licked - Well done!

:D

ps Knowing the sort of determination you have for getting pieces in I'm sure you'll find time somewhere to get the remaining assignments completed. I look forward to hearing your next submissions.
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Fri Nov 16, 2018 9:10 am

Here is my Polyhponie N°109.

As usual all comments most welcome

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Wed Nov 21, 2018 11:06 am

DaveMoutrie wrote:
Fri Nov 16, 2018 9:10 am
Here is my Polyhponie N°109.

As usual all comments most welcome

Just realised that I did this exercise wrong - I have only brought out 2 of the voices, whereas I need to bring out all 4 in turn.
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Sat Dec 01, 2018 6:18 pm

Here is the same exercise with all 4 voices

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Colin Bullock
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Colin Bullock » Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:55 pm

DaveMoutrie wrote:
Sat Dec 01, 2018 6:18 pm
Here is the same exercise with all 4 voices
Can you hear them clearly? Some sound out others less so, might be effect of iPad spkrs, I think I need to listen on headphones to get a better feel.

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Mon Dec 03, 2018 6:15 am

Colin Bullock wrote:
Sun Dec 02, 2018 11:55 pm
DaveMoutrie wrote:
Sat Dec 01, 2018 6:18 pm
Here is the same exercise with all 4 voices
Can you hear them clearly? Some sound out others less so, might be effect of iPad spkrs, I think I need to listen on headphones to get a better feel.
Thank you for your comment Colin,

I think you are right - especially the index and middle finger - I probably need to have another go at this one.

Hope things are going well with you and you are fully recovered. Will you be joining us again soon?
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Chu Bun
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Chu Bun » Mon Dec 03, 2018 6:19 am

My second piece for this month. Suggestions are welcome.

It's been a tough month for me. Came back from vacation then when picking up a heavy appliance it slipped and cut my index finger right beneath my nail. There were quite a few wrong notes, and I'm not quite sure I counted the beats correctly in some of the measures.

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Mon Dec 03, 2018 10:44 am

Chu Bun wrote:
Mon Dec 03, 2018 6:19 am
My second piece for this month. Suggestions are welcome.

It's been a tough month for me. Came back from vacation then when picking up a heavy appliance it slipped and cut my index finger right beneath my nail. There were quite a few wrong notes, and I'm not quite sure I counted the beats correctly in some of the measures.
Hi Chu, nice to hear you're on form. Sorry to hear about the injury - nasty one that. Always easy to be wise after the event, but I try to remember to wear gloves before doing any heavy manual labour. The heavy duty gardening gloves are the best. Hope the travelling went well none the less.

This month has been a challenging one. This piece is quite long as it is 2 pages with repeats as well, so hard to play it all the way through without errors.I'm struggling to record an error free version.

I think your recording sounds very good. yes a few errors here and there and one or two places where the timing is not quite right. I've tried working through this with the metronome, but I'm sure I'm still getting the timing wrong in places. Perhaps I need to try counting time with the metronome.

Hoping to post my version soon, but it might have to be warts and all. Lesson 4 will be up soon!


Anyway, keep up the good work and I'll see you in lesson 4. :D
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Colin Bullock » Mon Dec 03, 2018 11:26 am

DaveMoutrie wrote:
Mon Dec 03, 2018 6:15 am
I think you are right - especially the index and middle finger - I probably need to have another go at this one.

Hope things are going well with you and you are fully recovered. Will you be joining us again soon?
Recovering well, just need to take care not to practice too much. Hope to start recording before Christmas.

Listened to your video on headphones and it is still variable, treble notes sound clearer. I've just had a go and it is quite tricky to get it to sound anything other than a chord!
Chu Bun wrote:
Mon Dec 03, 2018 6:19 am
It's been a tough month for me. Came back from vacation then when picking up a heavy appliance it slipped and cut my index finger right beneath my nail. There were quite a few wrong notes, and I'm not quite sure I counted the beats correctly in some of the measures.
The cuts always go in the wrong place - finger tip. I've just spent a week taped up after careless move with a carving chisel.
Yes, the rhythm appears simple but I think it will be quite tricky at speed when you can't really count. Sounds good though and you keep it going.
Volume is a bit quiet compared to your usual posts.

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Chu Bun » Tue Dec 04, 2018 6:24 am

Thank you for the comments. This piece has many repeated patterns and sections, and no notes beyond the 5th position. So it is not really that long or hard to sight read. Playing fluently at the posted speed is another matter.

I found the polyphonie exercise quite difficult. When I try to bring out the individual notes in a chord, it sounds more like an arpeggio than a chord.

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by Chu Bun » Wed Dec 05, 2018 5:25 am

Submission for the Polyphonie piece. Not sure if the intended differences are even audible.

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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 03

Post by DaveMoutrie » Wed Dec 05, 2018 11:19 am

Chu Bun wrote:
Wed Dec 05, 2018 5:25 am
Submission for the Polyphonie piece. Not sure if the intended differences are even audible.
Well done Chu, this one is a lot harder than it looks. You have a few twangy notes (I had the same issue) but your melody notes stand out from the chorus very well.

:bravo:
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