D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

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The classical guitar lessons are free. They are aimed at the isolated amateur who does not have access to a teacher. To join the class, apply for registration into the students group.

PDF, MP3, Vidéos, Lessons : Level D01 - Level D02 - Level D03 - Level D04 - Level D05 - Level D06 - Level D07 - Level D08 - Level D09 - Level D10 - Level D11 - Level D12.
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Jean-François Delcamp
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D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Jean-François Delcamp » Sat Aug 31, 2019 6:59 pm

Hello everyone,
Please start by downloading the latest version of volume D05.

We are going to begin by talking about the minimum time you need to devote to the study of the guitar, about the position for holding the guitar, and finally about some techniques, exercises and pieces.

Timetable for the fifth year student:
In order to progress, you need a little time each day for 6 days of the week. Here is the minimum necessary for players of this level:
3 days when you can devote 25 minutes to repeating each difficult passage 9 to 16 times. I'll indicate these difficult passages to you by putting a box (a rectangular border) around them.
and
3 days when you can devote 60 minutes to studying the guitar, made up of
- 20 minutes practising the difficult (boxed) passages,
- 20 minutes repeating the individual phrases several times in succession (3 to 6 times)
- and finally 20 minutes playing the piece or pieces in full.

Note that you must play for 6 days of the week. If you combine all this time into one day, that is to say, 4 hours 15 minutes in a single day, you will not make progress and furthermore you will risk injuring yourself by making demands on certain muscles for too long. Divide up your practice and play a little each day.

Spend most of your practice time on the parts you have trouble playing: difficult passages, difficult phrases. Only play pieces the whole way through once or twice a week.
So we understand one another properly, here is an example of a timetable where sessions alternate between 25 and 60 minutes:
Monday 60 minutes
Tuesday 25 minutes
Wednesday 60 minutes
Thursday 25 minutes
Friday 60 minutes
Saturday 25 minutes


The playing position for the classical guitar is the product of past experience. The classical position enables us to reduce effort to a minimum, and has arisen from a compromise between the needs for stability, comfort and the efficient use of both hands.

The principles of this position are:
sitting position, back straight, shoulders level,
the guitar rests on whichever thigh is on the neck side.
We raise the head of the guitar level with our head, with the aid of a footstool or of a support placed on the thigh.
The hand which plays the strings is placed over the sound hole, the elbow rests on the edge of the body of the guitar, level with the bridge.
The arm on the neck side is bent to bring the hand up to the height of the shoulder, the thumb is placed behind the neck, beneath the second fret and behind the third string, the fingers are over the strings.
Try to achieve relaxation, from the shoulders right down to the hands.
Finally, choose a chair of a height that allows your thigh to be horizontal, so that your guitar will be supported in a stable manner. If your thigh is angled in one direction or the other, your guitar will slip and interfere with your playing.


Let us start with a little exercise to warm up the hands:
bend the fingers several times from the first (large) joint
bend them at the middle joint
bend at the middle joint until the fingertips touch the palm, then (maintaining contact with the palm) draw the fingertips as far up as possible before stretching the fingers out again.
Slide the thumb along the length of each of the four fingers in turn
Slide each of the four fingers in turn along the thumb.




Next we will look at, or revise, pages 26 and 58 of volume D01
- page 26 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) POLYPHONIE - Apoyando
- page 58 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) BUTÉ - APOYANDO - REST STROKE - APOYANDO
These exercises will work upon the technique of simultaneous rest strokes (apoyando) with the thumb and index finger, and also with the thumb and middle finger.
The rest stroke is a way to play the string with a finger movement which plucks the string and then continues to move until it comes to rest on the adjacent string. Working on this technique will allow you to discover the best position for your plucking hand (the right hand if you are right-handed).
If you are already used to plucking the strings with free strokes, the simultaneous rest strokes with the thumb and a finger will seem difficult to you, even impossible. But be assured, with patience and perseverence, this difficulty will be resolved in 30 minutes. Don't hesitate to try different positions for the hand: higher, lower, further forward or back. I know from experience that the first tries are truly discouraging, particularly for adults. It is for this reason that I wish to reassure you in advance, take heart, you will be able to do it.







Let us now look at some exercises from volume D04.
- Page 126 Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) STRING DAMPING
These techniques are essential in polyphonic playing. Guitar playing is unique in that we must stop the resonances, in particular those of the open strings. Without these string damping techniques, polyphony is blurred by dissonance.





Now we'll work on developing greater speed in playing scales.
For that, we'll use two techniques:
- speeding up the tempo while keeping the same number of notes (D05, n° 19 to 36, page 136-142).
- increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (D05 n° 105 and 106 page 158).
Practise this with both free stroke and rest stroke.

When working on improving your technique, I recommend that you invent your own exercises to fit your needs. The basis of a good exercise is repetition as well as variation in rhythm, dynamics, articulation and notes. We always start by simplifying the passage that we want to practise, for example by practising with only one of the hands at a time, or by playing the passage slowly at first. It is very productive to take exercises designed by other people and adapt them to your own specific needs in a particular work.

Finally, we'll look at 4 pieces.

- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Bar 1, first beat: starting from the bass, accelerate the thumb stroke in order to bring out the highest note of the first chord.



- page 32 Gaspar Sanz - Preludio, o capricho arpeado por la cruz
This is an unmeasured prelude: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmeasured_prelude
The ties group together the notes that make up a chord.
For Gaspar Sanz and the guitarists of the baroque era, the "Cruz" (cross) symbolises the chord of E minor.
(See the Italian alphabet system here http://www.guitareclassiquedelcamp.com/ ... liano.html )
In the following video I play the first line in a measured way, then the same line unmeasured.



- page 52 François de Fossa - Campanella sobre las folias de España opus 12


- page 58 Fernando Sor - Exercice opus 35 n°8
Line 6, second boxed phrase, anticipate the placing of fingers 1 and 4 in order to make the execution of the following triplet easier.



- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
I recommend that you use rest stroke for the melody notes (upper voice, played with the ring finger).
The fingering of the right hand is based on the most classical principle: the ring finger plays string 1, the middle finger string 2, and the index finger string 3, while the thumb plays strings 4, 5 and 6. To practise this type of fingering, see the arpeggios of Mauro Giuliani, pages 153, 154 and 155 of volume D05.
In bar 5, play the appoggiatura before the beat, then slide the 4th finger to sound the top E on the first beat at exactly the same time as you play the bass note.
Take care not to cut short the dotted half notes (dotted minims) in bars 16 and 32. For this I recommend that you count to yourself 9 eighth notes (quavers) in triplets.







I ask you first to work on all these exercises and pieces for one week and then to post your recordings on the forum for:
- page 126 (D04) Delcamp, Jean-François Terminer - Fermare - Damp – Apagar
- page 158 increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (n° 105 and 106 page 158).
- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor


Good luck!


I thank Geoff (GeoffB) who has helped in the translation of my lessons into English.


Jean-François


Exam qualifying submissions: :
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
:( + ♫ = :)

Salvatore Lovinello
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Salvatore Lovinello » Wed Sep 04, 2019 3:42 pm

Is anyone enrolled for the the English D05 forum?

If not I'm going back to the French forum.

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Ken Kim
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Ken Kim » Wed Sep 04, 2019 4:02 pm

Hi, Salvatore Lovinello.

I can see Mike Cook and DavidFlorea enrolled in D05 (check registration) but I believe you'd better stay with Luigi de Bono, which might be more beneficial to you.
Ken

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Salvatore Lovinello
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Salvatore Lovinello » Wed Sep 04, 2019 4:09 pm

Hi Ken,
I saw that after checking enrollment. I've registered to the French forum. With all of the students and observers I got a lot of valuable feedback. Thanks for the response.

Sal

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Chu Bun
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Chu Bun » Thu Sep 05, 2019 4:06 pm

I participated in last year D05 but couldn't complete. Do I need to re-register for this year? Thanks.

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Mike Cook
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Mike Cook » Thu Sep 05, 2019 10:59 pm

Ken Kim wrote:
Wed Sep 04, 2019 4:02 pm
Hi, Salvatore Lovinello.

I can see Mike Cook and DavidFlorea enrolled in D05 (check registration) but I believe you'd better stay with Luigi de Bono, which might be more beneficial to you.
Yes, I’m going to try to do 4 and 5 together. We’ll see how it goes! As a result, my posts may come a little late as this will be my first attempt at the lessons. I’ll be lucky to keep up with it as it rolls out.

Mike
2019 Elias Bonet Monne Traditional Cedar/Green Ebony
2017 Cordoba 20th Anniversary Guitar
1993 Jose Ramirez R2
2008 Fender Strat, Eric Johnson Signature Model
1966 Gibson Melodymaker
2013 Gibson Songwriter Deluxe EC Studio

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Ken Kim
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Ken Kim » Fri Sep 06, 2019 1:45 am

Chu Bun wrote:
Thu Sep 05, 2019 4:06 pm
I participated in last year D05 but couldn't complete. Do I need to re-register for this year? Thanks.
Hi, Chu Bun.

Rule has changed all students should re-register every year at course registration thread. :bye:
Ken

♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥

Robert England Hauser / Amalio Burguet Especial
Cordoba C12SP, Torres & Rodriguez
Yamaha Silent SLG200NW / Ryoji Matsuoka M60

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Ken Kim
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Ken Kim » Fri Sep 06, 2019 1:51 am

Mike Cook wrote:
Thu Sep 05, 2019 10:59 pm
Yes, I’m going to try to do 4 and 5 together. We’ll see how it goes! As a result, my posts may come a little late as this will be my first attempt at the lessons. I’ll be lucky to keep up with it as it rolls out.
Good luck with both levels, Mike. :okok:
D05 is totally different story for me. :shock:
I wish I can play Maria Luisa by Sagreras after 7th lesson. :bye:
Ken

♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥

Robert England Hauser / Amalio Burguet Especial
Cordoba C12SP, Torres & Rodriguez
Yamaha Silent SLG200NW / Ryoji Matsuoka M60

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Mike Cook
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Mike Cook » Fri Sep 06, 2019 4:55 pm

Ken Kim wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 1:51 am
Mike Cook wrote:
Thu Sep 05, 2019 10:59 pm
Yes, I’m going to try to do 4 and 5 together. We’ll see how it goes! As a result, my posts may come a little late as this will be my first attempt at the lessons. I’ll be lucky to keep up with it as it rolls out.
Good luck with both levels, Mike. :okok:
D05 is totally different story for me. :shock:
I wish I can play Maria Luisa by Sagreras after 7th lesson. :bye:

Hey Ken. I thought I saw one of the Sagreras method books on the table of one of your videos. Am I correct? I have been working though these lessons for a few months. I think the Sagreras exercises are very helpful, fun to play, as well as, nice to listen to. I'm currently learning Book3, Lesson 4 (The tremolo piece) - although my tremolo is too slow to be called tremolo! :chaud:
2019 Elias Bonet Monne Traditional Cedar/Green Ebony
2017 Cordoba 20th Anniversary Guitar
1993 Jose Ramirez R2
2008 Fender Strat, Eric Johnson Signature Model
1966 Gibson Melodymaker
2013 Gibson Songwriter Deluxe EC Studio

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Ken Kim
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Ken Kim » Fri Sep 06, 2019 5:03 pm

Mike Cook wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 4:55 pm
Hey Ken. I thought I saw one of the Sagreras method books on the table of one of your videos. Am I correct? I have been working though these lessons for a few months. I think the Sagreras exercises are very helpful, fun to play, as well as, nice to listen to. I'm currently learning Book3, Lesson 4 (The tremolo piece) - although my tremolo is too slow to be called tremolo! :chaud:
Yes, Mike! Sagreras's Method is second best to Delcamp's Method to me. I tried that also and beautiful piece and it will be in 8th lesson of D05. :ouioui:
Ken

♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥♫✥

Robert England Hauser / Amalio Burguet Especial
Cordoba C12SP, Torres & Rodriguez
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Rick Beauregard
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Rick Beauregard » Fri Sep 06, 2019 9:03 pm

Ken Kim wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 5:03 pm
Mike Cook wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 4:55 pm
Hey Ken. I thought I saw one of the Sagreras method books on the table of one of your videos. Am I correct? I have been working though these lessons for a few months. I think the Sagreras exercises are very helpful, fun to play, as well as, nice to listen to. I'm currently learning Book3, Lesson 4 (The tremolo piece) - although my tremolo is too slow to be called tremolo! :chaud:
Yes, Mike! Sagreras's Method is second best to Delcamp's Method to me. I tried that also and beautiful piece and it will be in 8th lesson of D05. :ouioui:
My first method book was Fred Noad's Solo Guitar Playing 1 & 2. Still a great book. From it I learned one of the pieces in this lesson, Melodia de Sor, better known as "Romance", except Prof. Delcamp has changed the arpeggio from a-m-i to a-i-m. I believe the reason is due to the ambiguous copyright nature of the former. Although it is known as Romance or Romanza-Anon., apparently it is claimed by Narcisco Yepes to be his composition, which he recorded for a movie many years ago, and still under copyright. But the melody, as the name implies, is after a Sor composition, according to some (like JFD) who have well researched music. Anyway, I was perturbed when I had to learn the new way in order to record it for these lessons (the original will be deleted by youtube). But I did and it turned out to be a great arpeggio exercise for me.
All this time I thought I was making music; it was making me.
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Mike Cook
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Mike Cook » Sat Sep 07, 2019 9:35 pm

Rick Beauregard wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 9:03 pm
Ken Kim wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 5:03 pm
Mike Cook wrote:
Fri Sep 06, 2019 4:55 pm
Hey Ken. I thought I saw one of the Sagreras method books on the table of one of your videos. Am I correct? I have been working though these lessons for a few months. I think the Sagreras exercises are very helpful, fun to play, as well as, nice to listen to. I'm currently learning Book3, Lesson 4 (The tremolo piece) - although my tremolo is too slow to be called tremolo! :chaud:
Yes, Mike! Sagreras's Method is second best to Delcamp's Method to me. I tried that also and beautiful piece and it will be in 8th lesson of D05. :ouioui:
My first method book was Fred Noad's Solo Guitar Playing 1 & 2. Still a great book. From it I learned one of the pieces in this lesson, Melodia de Sor, better known as "Romance", except Prof. Delcamp has changed the arpeggio from a-m-i to a-i-m. I believe the reason is due to the ambiguous copyright nature of the former. Although it is known as Romance or Romanza-Anon., apparently it is claimed by Narcisco Yepes to be his composition, which he recorded for a movie many years ago, and still under copyright. But the melody, as the name implies, is after a Sor composition, according to some (like JFD) who have well researched music. Anyway, I was perturbed when I had to learn the new way in order to record it for these lessons (the original will be deleted by youtube). But I did and it turned out to be a great arpeggio exercise for me.
Rick - I noticed it too (Melodia de Sor) as it is in the first lesson of D05. The arpeggio change is taking some getting use to, but it’s not too much of an adjustment. I wondered why it was different! Now I know. I’ll look into the Fred Noad method. I am really enjoying Sagreras.

Mike
2019 Elias Bonet Monne Traditional Cedar/Green Ebony
2017 Cordoba 20th Anniversary Guitar
1993 Jose Ramirez R2
2008 Fender Strat, Eric Johnson Signature Model
1966 Gibson Melodymaker
2013 Gibson Songwriter Deluxe EC Studio

Colin Bullock
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Colin Bullock » Mon Sep 09, 2019 11:46 am

This year we have a number of students who are repeating the lessons. If you are considering doing this you need to remember that we expect students to post new videos rather than repost last year’s submissions.
Obviously the moderators will be looking for signs that these are indeed new videos. Paul in D01 has posted both this year’s and last year’s to show his improvements viewtopic.php?f=41&t=129334#p1378237.
Other ways would be to include a recent newspaper (no Brexit headlines please); or to make sure your previous year’s videos are still posted in the archived lessons and to make your new video from a different angle, or with a different background.

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Chu Bun
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Chu Bun » Thu Sep 12, 2019 3:41 pm

Using clips from last year would defeat the purpose of learning. My clips will look very similar, but you can trust me that they are new!

By the way, anybody finds some of the damping on page 158 impossible? I've tried these exercises for 3, 4 sessions now and still can not make clean sounds for measures that require independence between the m and a fingers.

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Mike Cook
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Mike Cook » Thu Sep 12, 2019 7:21 pm

Well! After over a week of learning a lot of music, I'm posting my D04 and D05 lessons. Having not started them earlier than assigned, it was a rush to get these "in progress" videos out. Thus, of course there is much room for improvement, mainly tempo, musicality and tone production. Melodia de Sor took some relearning as I had already learned how to play Spanish Romance.

Your comments are welcome!

String Damping (Page 126)



Delcamp: Velocite, No 105 (Page 158)



Delcamp: Velocite, No 106 (Page 158)



Anonyme: Vaghe Bellezze E Bionde Trecce D'Oro Vedi Che Per Ti Moro (Page 21)



Anonyme: Melodia De Sor

2019 Elias Bonet Monne Traditional Cedar/Green Ebony
2017 Cordoba 20th Anniversary Guitar
1993 Jose Ramirez R2
2008 Fender Strat, Eric Johnson Signature Model
1966 Gibson Melodymaker
2013 Gibson Songwriter Deluxe EC Studio

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