I noticed there is no mention of time signatures or explanation of note shapes; so I thought I would add a quick blurb for counting them; encase there are absolute beginners here.
(In common (4/4) time)
A whole note is worth 4 counts. A whole rest is 4 counts of silence. (Whole note left; rest right)
A half note is worth two counts. A half rest is worth 2 counts of silence. (Note left, rest right)
A quarter note is worth 1 count. A Quarter rest is worth 1 count of silence. (Note left; rest right)
a 8th note is 1/8th of a beat; or half of a quarter note. It's rest is 1/8th a beat long. (Note left, rest right)
For smaller note values than an 8th note; a additional flag is added to either the note or the rest. each additional flag signals half the count time of the next longest note. 16th notes will have two flags, 32nd notes will have 3, and so forth. It is the same for the rests.
Dotted notes Are notes that have an additional count value of one half of their value added on. A dotted half note is worth three counts, like a half and quarter note.
A dotted quarter note is worth 1 and 1/2 counts; and so forth.
When the time signature changes; as explained below; sometimes the count value of these notes change also.
There are two main clef types in use; the Treble and the bass clef.
The guitar is a Treble instrument; so uses the treble cleff; or the 'G clef'
Other instruments use the base clef; or the 'F clef'
The staff has 5 lines and 4 spaces; each denoting one note.
In the Treble cleff; those notes are EFGABCDEF; in that order from bottom to top. The lines are EGBDF. A way I learned to remember this is 'Every good boy deserves fudge'. The spaces are FACE. Remember this as Face. Like your face. My face. Our face. Everyones face.
The lines that are not always on the staff are called ledger lines, and they can be above or below the normal lines. The top four lines and spaces are G (space) A (line) B(space) C (Line). The bottom three notes are D (space) C (line) B (space). I hope by now you can see the pattern, but if not here isa link to an image
showing all the ledger lines for the treble clef
There are two ways you'll see time signatures denoted in the Delcamp texts that I have seen.
1: It will be marked as a 'C' which stands for 'Common Time'; which is 4/4 time.
2: It will be marked with a time signature of 3/4, 4/4, 3/6, etc.
The upper number is how many counts there are in each measure; while the bottom note is the note value that each count is worth.
4/4: This means there are four counts to a mesaure; and each count is worth one quarter note. So when counting a measure with four quarter notes; it goes 1 and 2 and three and four and......
3/4: This means that there are 3 counts to a measure; and that each count is worth one quarter note. You would count as 1 and 2 and 3 and....
4/2: This means there are 4 counts to a measure, but each count is worth a half note. So instead of counting a half note as two counts (1 and two) you count it as one count now (1 and...).
I hope this helps; and that all the information contained above is correct. I too am a student; so make mistakes!
(It also doesn't help that this was written on the fly; first thing in my morning; pre coffee!)
My videos will be posted either later today or tomorrow.
Armed with Book, Forum, and Guitar, I will bare my teeth and face the world! Music is a way of thinking, an art. There is nothing more demanding, and nothing more rewarding.
Alvarez-Yari CYM-75 Masterwork