D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Archive of on-line classical guitar lessons from previous years.
Forum rules
The classical guitar lessons are free. They are aimed at the isolated amateur who does not have access to a teacher. To join the class, apply for registration into the students group.

PDF, MP3, Vidéos, Lessons : Level D01 - Level D02 - Level D03 - Level D04 - Level D05 - Level D06 - Level D07 - Level D08 - Level D09 - Level D10 - Level D11 - Level D12.
User avatar
Jean-François Delcamp
Administrator
Administrator
Posts: 4556
Joined: Sun May 30, 2004 7:49 pm
Location: Brest, France

D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Jean-François Delcamp » Tue Sep 25, 2012 5:02 am

Hello everyone,
Please start by downloading the latest version of volume D05.

We are going to begin by talking about the minimum time you need to devote to the study of the guitar, about the position for holding the guitar, and finally about some techniques, exercises and pieces.

Timetable for the fifth year student:
In order to progress, you need a little time each day for 6 days of the week. Here is the minimum necessary for players of this level:
3 days when you can devote 25 minutes to repeating each difficult passage 9 to 16 times. I'll indicate these difficult passages to you by putting a box (a rectangular border) around them.
and
3 days when you can devote 60 minutes to studying the guitar, made up of
- 20 minutes practising the difficult (boxed) passages,
- 20 minutes repeating the individual phrases several times in succession (3 to 6 times)
- and finally 20 minutes playing the piece or pieces in full.

Note that you must play for 6 days of the week. If you combine all this time into one day, that is to say, 4 hours 15 minutes in a single day, you will not make progress and furthermore you will risk injuring yourself by making demands on certain muscles for too long. Divide up your practice and play a little each day.

Spend most of your practice time on the parts you have trouble playing: difficult passages, difficult phrases. Only play pieces the whole way through once or twice a week.
So we understand one another properly, here is an example of a timetable where sessions alternate between 25 and 60 minutes:
Monday 60 minutes
Tuesday 25 minutes
Wednesday 60 minutes
Thursday 25 minutes
Friday 60 minutes
Saturday 25 minutes


The playing position for the classical guitar is the product of past experience. The classical position enables us to reduce effort to a minimum, and has arisen from a compromise between the needs for stability, comfort and the efficient use of both hands.

The principles of this position are:
sitting position, back straight, shoulders level,
the guitar rests on whichever thigh is on the neck side.
We raise the head of the guitar level with our head, with the aid of a footstool or of a support placed on the thigh.
The hand which plays the strings is placed over the sound hole, the elbow rests on the edge of the body of the guitar, level with the bridge.
The arm on the neck side is bent to bring the hand up to the height of the shoulder, the thumb is placed behind the neck, beneath the second fret and behind the third string, the fingers are over the strings.
Try to achieve relaxation, from the shoulders right down to the hands.
Finally, choose a chair of a height that allows your thigh to be horizontal, so that your guitar will be supported in a stable manner. If your thigh is angled in one direction or the other, your guitar will slip and interfere with your playing.


Let us start with a little exercise to warm up the hands:
bend the fingers several times from the first (large) joint
bend them at the middle joint
bend at the middle joint until the fingertips touch the palm, then (maintaining contact with the palm) draw the fingertips as far up as possible before stretching the fingers out again.
Slide the thumb along the length of each of the four fingers in turn
Slide each of the four fingers in turn along the thumb.




Next we will look at, or revise, pages 26 and 58 of volume D01
- page 26 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) POLYPHONIE - Apoyando
- page 58 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) BUTÉ - APOYANDO - REST STROKE - APOYANDO
These exercises will work upon the technique of simultaneous rest strokes (apoyando) with the thumb and index finger, and also with the thumb and middle finger.
The rest stroke is a way to play the string with a finger movement which plucks the string and then continues to move until it comes to rest on the adjacent string. Working on this technique will allow you to discover the best position for your plucking hand (the right hand if you are right-handed).
If you are already used to plucking the strings with free strokes, the simultaneous rest strokes with the thumb and a finger will seem difficult to you, even impossible. But be assured, with patience and perseverence, this difficulty will be resolved in 30 minutes. Don't hesitate to try different positions for the hand: higher, lower, further forward or back. I know from experience that the first tries are truly discouraging, particularly for adults. It is for this reason that I wish to reassure you in advance, take heart, you will be able to do it.







Let us now look at some exercises from volume D04.
- Page 126 Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) STRING DAMPING
These techniques are essential in polyphonic playing. Guitar playing is unique in that we must stop the resonances, in particular those of the open strings. Without these string damping techniques, polyphony is blurred by dissonance.





Now we'll work on developing greater speed in playing scales.
For that, we'll use two techniques:
- speeding up the tempo while keeping the same number of notes (D05, n° 19 to 36, page 136-142).
- increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (D05 n° 105 and 106 page 158).
Practise this with both free stroke and rest stroke.

When working on improving your technique, I recommend that you invent your own exercises to fit your needs. The basis of a good exercise is repetition as well as variation in rhythm, dynamics, articulation and notes. We always start by simplifying the passage that we want to practise, for example by practising with only one of the hands at a time, or by playing the passage slowly at first. It is very productive to take exercises designed by other people and adapt them to your own specific needs in a particular work.

Finally, we'll look at 4 pieces.

- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Bar 1, first beat: starting from the bass, accelerate the thumb stroke in order to bring out the highest note of the first chord.



- page 32 Gaspar Sanz - Preludio, o capricho arpeado por la cruz
This is an unmeasured prelude: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmeasured_prelude
The ties group together the notes that make up a chord.
For Gaspar Sanz and the guitarists of the baroque era, the "Cruz" (cross) symbolises the chord of E minor.
(See the Italian alphabet system here http://www.guitareclassiquedelcamp.com/ ... liano.html )
In the following video I play the first line in a measured way, then the same line unmeasured.



- page 52 François de Fossa - Campanella sobre las folias de España opus 12


- page 58 Fernando Sor - Exercice opus 35 n°8
Line 6, second boxed phrase, anticipate the placing of fingers 1 and 4 in order to make the execution of the following triplet easier.



- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
I recommend that you use rest stroke for the melody notes (upper voice, played with the ring finger).
The fingering of the right hand is based on the most classical principle: the ring finger plays string 1, the middle finger string 2, and the index finger string 3, while the thumb plays strings 4, 5 and 6. To practise this type of fingering, see the arpeggios of Mauro Giuliani, pages 153, 154 and 155 of volume D05.
In bar 5, play the appoggiatura before the beat, then slide the 4th finger to sound the top E on the first beat at exactly the same time as you play the bass note.
Take care not to cut short the dotted half notes (dotted minims) in bars 16 and 32. For this I recommend that you count to yourself 9 eighth notes (quavers) in triplets.







I ask you first to work on all these exercises and pieces for one week and then to post your recordings on the forum for:
- page 126 (D04) Delcamp, Jean-François Terminer - Fermare - Damp – Apagar
- page 158 increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (n° 105 and 106).
- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor


Good luck!


I thank Geoff (GeoffB) who has helped in the translation of my lessons into English.


Jean-François


Exam qualifying submissions: :
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Giuseppe Gasparini
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)

håvard.bergene
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Coen van Dijk
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Jeremy Hickerson
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)]
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Michael Collings
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Claudio Traino
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)]
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Jeremy Hickerson
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)]
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

Jack Jarrett
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)]
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
:( + ♫ = :)

User avatar
Goran Penic
Posts: 713
Joined: Thu Jul 21, 2011 4:36 pm
Location: Zagreb, Croatia

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Goran Penic » Tue Sep 25, 2012 5:57 am

Good luck, and even more pleasure to all D05 students.
:bye:
Guitar: Mirko Hotko 1989
Strings: D'Addario EJ46TT Pro Arte Dynacore Hard Tension
Recorder: Olympus LS-20M

User avatar
Giuseppe Gasparini
Posts: 470
Joined: Sat Jul 30, 2011 2:28 pm
Location: Genova-Italia

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Giuseppe Gasparini » Tue Sep 25, 2012 6:28 am

Thanks Maestro for these wonderful lessons :merci: :merci: :bye:

Marian Kmet

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marian Kmet » Tue Sep 25, 2012 1:17 pm

Good luck to all of you with D05... I hope I'll be able to have a go at some of these in 2 or 3 years :D Pieces really starts to sound wonderful at this level

Jeremy Hickerson
Amateur luthier
Posts: 621
Joined: Tue Feb 03, 2009 5:20 am
Location: Salem, Oregon

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Jeremy Hickerson » Tue Sep 25, 2012 4:23 pm

Thank you M. Delcamp - I am looking forward to another great year!
Jeremy

Guitarras: 1973 Manouk Papazian (Spruce/Morado), two I have built, and an old Telesforo Julve parlor size

Michael Collings
Posts: 212
Joined: Tue Mar 03, 2009 3:58 pm
Location: Sylva, North Carolina

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Michael Collings » Wed Sep 26, 2012 12:43 am

Hello everyone--looking forward to the mutual encouragement and insight from a most internationally diverse guitar class! :bye: Thank you Maestro Delcamp! :merci:

User avatar
Giuseppe Gasparini
Posts: 470
Joined: Sat Jul 30, 2011 2:28 pm
Location: Genova-Italia

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Giuseppe Gasparini » Sun Sep 30, 2012 3:09 pm

[media]https://youtu.be/8uJOibVVy-c[/media]

Hello, location Vaghe Bellezze, sorry I write with smartphone :discussion: :bye:

User avatar
Marko Räsänen
Moderator
Moderator
Posts: 3823
Joined: Thu Feb 16, 2012 11:56 am
Location: Finland

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marko Räsänen » Sun Sep 30, 2012 3:58 pm

Giuseppe,

I don't usually comment on performances of pieces I haven't played myself, but this calls for an exception. That was heavenly playing! :bravo:
Alhambra 4P spruce
Almansa 457 cedar
Cordoba C12 spruce

User avatar
Goran Penic
Posts: 713
Joined: Thu Jul 21, 2011 4:36 pm
Location: Zagreb, Croatia

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Goran Penic » Sun Sep 30, 2012 4:40 pm

:bravo: Giuseppe, very good :casque: :casque:
:bye:
Guitar: Mirko Hotko 1989
Strings: D'Addario EJ46TT Pro Arte Dynacore Hard Tension
Recorder: Olympus LS-20M

User avatar
Coen van Dijk
Posts: 243
Joined: Fri Aug 19, 2011 10:33 am
Location: Switzerland

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Coen van Dijk » Tue Oct 02, 2012 5:08 am

Hello Giuseppe
Very well played!! I am also workig on this lessons and hope to post it too this week. I like your tempo, which is still out of reach for me. :bravo:
As for constructive critisism: I noticed you played a series of notes all with only the index finger. You do not hear a difference but from a technical point of view it is better to aways alternate fingers, if i am correct. Also, I heard several string noises and would prefer it to be played more legato. But, that is more easy said than done. At the moment I am not playing it anywhere near to what you are doing. Hope to post it soon anyway....
:bravo: Giuseppe

Coen

Håvard.Bergene
Student of the online lessons
Posts: 342
Joined: Mon Dec 26, 2011 10:12 pm
Location: Norway, Hole

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Håvard.Bergene » Wed Oct 03, 2012 8:27 am

Very nice Giuseppe. I really enjoyed it. I'm not going to participate in the D05 lessons, but just wanted to record the Melodia de Sor aka Spanish Romance, as I already know it, and I wanted to test my new microphone (M-Audio USB). I have not been playing this for a while, so it's a bit rusty. And I haven't studied the sheet for this lesson, so maybe my memorized version is a bit different.
[media]https://youtu.be/jJizISR7h_E[/media]
Last edited by Håvard.Bergene on Fri Oct 05, 2012 10:24 pm, edited 1 time in total.
Alhambra 11P

User avatar
Goran Penic
Posts: 713
Joined: Thu Jul 21, 2011 4:36 pm
Location: Zagreb, Croatia

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Goran Penic » Wed Oct 03, 2012 4:15 pm

Coen van Dijk wrote:Hello Giuseppe
...
Hope to post it soon anyway....
:bravo: Giuseppe
Coen
Coen, nice to see you here again :bye:
Guitar: Mirko Hotko 1989
Strings: D'Addario EJ46TT Pro Arte Dynacore Hard Tension
Recorder: Olympus LS-20M

Michael Collings
Posts: 212
Joined: Tue Mar 03, 2009 3:58 pm
Location: Sylva, North Carolina

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Michael Collings » Wed Oct 03, 2012 6:06 pm

Giuseppe,

Lovely soulful playing! :bravo:

Also my compliments for posting your video so early and skillfully.

I agree with Coen that the melody could be more legato.

Also, I believe that shortening your thumbnail and mixing the thumb stroke with a mixture of nail and skin will get rid of the clicking sound.

Jeremy Hickerson
Amateur luthier
Posts: 621
Joined: Tue Feb 03, 2009 5:20 am
Location: Salem, Oregon

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Jeremy Hickerson » Wed Oct 03, 2012 8:33 pm

I haven't had a chance to listen to these posts yet, so I'm "posting blind" - but anyway, on the repeated use of the same right hand finger, I think it's a matter of the tempo. If the tempo is moderate, sometimes I think this works, and I have used it myself here and there, although normally I tend to alternate right hand fingering. I also read somewhere of an example where Julian Bream used the same right hand finger repeatedly in succession on a particular piece.
Jeremy

Guitarras: 1973 Manouk Papazian (Spruce/Morado), two I have built, and an old Telesforo Julve parlor size

palon.it

Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by palon.it » Wed Oct 03, 2012 9:38 pm

Giuseppe Gasparini wrote:
Hello, location Vaghe Bellezze, sorry I write with smartphone :discussion: :bye:
Complimenti Giuseppe! Davvero :bravo:
Sono anche io un'allieva (nuova) del corso nel forum italiano. Come mai non ha pubblicato anche lì la tua registrazione, è molto bella!
:applauso: :bye:

Return to “Classical guitar lessons archive”