D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

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Jean-François Delcamp
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D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Jean-François Delcamp » Wed Sep 17, 2014 7:26 am

Hello everyone,
Please start by downloading the latest version of volume D05.

We are going to begin by talking about the minimum time you need to devote to the study of the guitar, about the position for holding the guitar, and finally about some techniques, exercises and pieces.

Timetable for the fifth year student:
In order to progress, you need a little time each day for 6 days of the week. Here is the minimum necessary for players of this level:
3 days when you can devote 25 minutes to repeating each difficult passage 9 to 16 times. I'll indicate these difficult passages to you by putting a box (a rectangular border) around them.
and
3 days when you can devote 60 minutes to studying the guitar, made up of
- 20 minutes practising the difficult (boxed) passages,
- 20 minutes repeating the individual phrases several times in succession (3 to 6 times)
- and finally 20 minutes playing the piece or pieces in full.

Note that you must play for 6 days of the week. If you combine all this time into one day, that is to say, 4 hours 15 minutes in a single day, you will not make progress and furthermore you will risk injuring yourself by making demands on certain muscles for too long. Divide up your practice and play a little each day.

Spend most of your practice time on the parts you have trouble playing: difficult passages, difficult phrases. Only play pieces the whole way through once or twice a week.
So we understand one another properly, here is an example of a timetable where sessions alternate between 25 and 60 minutes:
Monday 60 minutes
Tuesday 25 minutes
Wednesday 60 minutes
Thursday 25 minutes
Friday 60 minutes
Saturday 25 minutes


The playing position for the classical guitar is the product of past experience. The classical position enables us to reduce effort to a minimum, and has arisen from a compromise between the needs for stability, comfort and the efficient use of both hands.

The principles of this position are:
sitting position, back straight, shoulders level,
the guitar rests on whichever thigh is on the neck side.
We raise the head of the guitar level with our head, with the aid of a footstool or of a support placed on the thigh.
The hand which plays the strings is placed over the sound hole, the elbow rests on the edge of the body of the guitar, level with the bridge.
The arm on the neck side is bent to bring the hand up to the height of the shoulder, the thumb is placed behind the neck, beneath the second fret and behind the third string, the fingers are over the strings.
Try to achieve relaxation, from the shoulders right down to the hands.
Finally, choose a chair of a height that allows your thigh to be horizontal, so that your guitar will be supported in a stable manner. If your thigh is angled in one direction or the other, your guitar will slip and interfere with your playing.


Let us start with a little exercise to warm up the hands:
bend the fingers several times from the first (large) joint
bend them at the middle joint
bend at the middle joint until the fingertips touch the palm, then (maintaining contact with the palm) draw the fingertips as far up as possible before stretching the fingers out again.
Slide the thumb along the length of each of the four fingers in turn
Slide each of the four fingers in turn along the thumb.




Next we will look at, or revise, pages 26 and 58 of volume D01
- page 26 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) POLYPHONIE - Apoyando
- page 58 of volume D01 : Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) BUTÉ - APOYANDO - REST STROKE - APOYANDO
These exercises will work upon the technique of simultaneous rest strokes (apoyando) with the thumb and index finger, and also with the thumb and middle finger.
The rest stroke is a way to play the string with a finger movement which plucks the string and then continues to move until it comes to rest on the adjacent string. Working on this technique will allow you to discover the best position for your plucking hand (the right hand if you are right-handed).
If you are already used to plucking the strings with free strokes, the simultaneous rest strokes with the thumb and a finger will seem difficult to you, even impossible. But be assured, with patience and perseverence, this difficulty will be resolved in 30 minutes. Don't hesitate to try different positions for the hand: higher, lower, further forward or back. I know from experience that the first tries are truly discouraging, particularly for adults. It is for this reason that I wish to reassure you in advance, take heart, you will be able to do it.







Let us now look at some exercises from volume D04.
- Page 126 Jean-François DELCAMP (1956) STRING DAMPING
These techniques are essential in polyphonic playing. Guitar playing is unique in that we must stop the resonances, in particular those of the open strings. Without these string damping techniques, polyphony is blurred by dissonance.





Now we'll work on developing greater speed in playing scales.
For that, we'll use two techniques:
- speeding up the tempo while keeping the same number of notes (D05, n° 19 to 36, page 136-142).
- increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (D05 n° 105 and 106 page 158).
Practise this with both free stroke and rest stroke.

When working on improving your technique, I recommend that you invent your own exercises to fit your needs. The basis of a good exercise is repetition as well as variation in rhythm, dynamics, articulation and notes. We always start by simplifying the passage that we want to practise, for example by practising with only one of the hands at a time, or by playing the passage slowly at first. It is very productive to take exercises designed by other people and adapt them to your own specific needs in a particular work.

Finally, we'll look at 4 pieces.

- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Bar 1, first beat: starting from the bass, accelerate the thumb stroke in order to bring out the highest note of the first chord.



- page 32 Gaspar Sanz - Preludio, o capricho arpeado por la cruz
This is an unmeasured prelude: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unmeasured_prelude
The ties group together the notes that make up a chord.
For Gaspar Sanz and the guitarists of the baroque era, the "Cruz" (cross) symbolises the chord of E minor.
(See the Italian alphabet system here http://www.guitareclassiquedelcamp.com/ ... liano.html )
In the following video I play the first line in a measured way, then the same line unmeasured.



- page 52 François de Fossa - Campanella sobre las folias de España opus 12


- page 58 Fernando Sor - Exercice opus 35 n°8
Line 6, second boxed phrase, anticipate the placing of fingers 1 and 4 in order to make the execution of the following triplet easier.



- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
I recommend that you use rest stroke for the melody notes (upper voice, played with the ring finger).
The fingering of the right hand is based on the most classical principle: the ring finger plays string 1, the middle finger string 2, and the index finger string 3, while the thumb plays strings 4, 5 and 6. To practise this type of fingering, see the arpeggios of Mauro Giuliani, pages 153, 154 and 155 of volume D05.
In bar 5, play the appoggiatura before the beat, then slide the 4th finger to sound the top E on the first beat at exactly the same time as you play the bass note.
Take care not to cut short the dotted half notes (dotted minims) in bars 16 and 32. For this I recommend that you count to yourself 9 eighth notes (quavers) in triplets.







I ask you first to work on all these exercises and pieces for one week and then to post your recordings on the forum for:
- page 126 (D04) Delcamp, Jean-François Terminer - Fermare - Damp – Apagar
- page 158 increasing the number of notes played while keeping a constant tempo (n° 105 and 106 page 158).
- page 21 Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
- page 92 Anonyme - Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor


Good luck!


I thank Geoff (GeoffB) who has helped in the translation of my lessons into English.


Jean-François


Exam qualifying submissions: :
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor


Stewart Doyle
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro

Gabriel Guégan
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro

Chris Capener
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro

Goran Penic
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro

Pentti Kotilainen
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro

David Smyth
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor

John Montes
page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
page 158 Speed exercises (D05)
Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
:( + ♫ = :)

Stewart Doyle
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Stewart Doyle » Sat Sep 20, 2014 3:07 pm

Hi everyone,

It's great to start the lessons again! Here are the required exercises and one of the pieces I've been practicing over the summer.
Firstly, the damping exercise....

page 126 TERMINER - FERMARE - DAMP - APAGAR (D04)
[media]https://youtu.be/tu-g7-XqtL0[/media]

I found the hardest part of the velocity exercise was getting the timing right and remembering where to stop....


page 158 Speed exercises (D05) - free strokes
[media]https://youtu.be/5OfFnPU8Huc[/media]

I also discovered that I REALLY need to practice using rest strokes for scales. I rarely use rest strokes in general play anyway.....
I'm uploading the following video to force myself to upload a better one after some practice! Sorry the recording is a bit 'boomy'


page 158 Speed exercises (D05) - rest strokes
[media]https://youtu.be/VLPdR1sFWJU[/media]

Finally, the Sanz Prelude. I struggled to sight read this at first as it's the type of piece where I could play consistently wrong notes and not notice. As it happens I accidentally play a few wrong notes anyway, but that's a different problem! :oops: I still need to relax more when recording myself...

Gaspar Sanz - Preludio, o capricho arpeado por la cruz
[media]https://youtu.be/uAmNQeBR9eQ[/media]

Best wishes

Stewart
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Marko Räsänen
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marko Räsänen » Sat Sep 20, 2014 5:16 pm

Hi Stewart,

For what it's worth, I didn't hear any mistakes in your prelude. Good job! What caught my attention was that for some reason you completely changed the angle of your wrist (and hence the angle the fingers play the strings) when you did the speed exercise with rest strokes. Did you notice that yourself, and was it something that you did intentionally?
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Stewart Doyle
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Stewart Doyle » Sat Sep 20, 2014 8:07 pm

Hi Marko

You're right, and no it wasn't intentional. I'll take a look at that and see if I can play a sequence of rest notes more 'naturally'
As I said, I rarely use a rest stroke apart from bringing out a melody, as for Lagrima and the Anon; Sor melody.

Talking of which, I've practiced the latter regularly over the summer, mostly to 'unlearn' the previous way I played it (ami rather than aim. I recorded this a few hours ago....

Melodía de Sor attribué à Fernando Sor
[media]https://youtu.be/h2KPUs3rYuc[/media]

Thanks

Stewart
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Stewart Doyle
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Stewart Doyle » Sun Sep 21, 2014 7:59 pm

Finally, another piece I've been playing for a while but it still needs more work on the second section and a general speed up.

Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
[media]https://youtu.be/9PFtUCo1iEk[/media]

Bye for now

Stewart
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Goran Penic
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Goran Penic » Mon Sep 22, 2014 8:07 am

Stewart Doyle wrote:Hi everyone,

Finally, the Sanz Prelude...

Stewart
Hi Stewart. It's nice to see you again.

:bravo:
I really enjoyed listening to your performance of Sanz. You chose (for my taste) great tempo and nicely separated voices.
The real pleasure of listening :casque: :casque:
:bye:
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LindaWoodford
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by LindaWoodford » Thu Sep 25, 2014 5:59 pm

:bravo: Stewart :casque:

All that summer practice has certainly paid off - your pieces were very pleasant to listen to, and your exercises seemed very controlled and correct (apart from the hand position thing that Marko noticed). I can't offer much constructive criticism yet, as I am just about to start on the pieces (for various reasons, I'm already late, and it's only lesson 1 :oops: )

Never mind, I'm looking forward to starting this evening.

:merci: to Prof Delcamp, :bye: hello to everyone else in these lessons, and good luck to all :discussion:
Regards, Linda

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Gabriel-guégan
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Gabriel-guégan » Fri Sep 26, 2014 8:12 am

Nice play Stewart :casque:
:bye:

Stewart Doyle
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Stewart Doyle » Fri Sep 26, 2014 7:27 pm

:merci: Goran, Linda and Gabriel.

Having looked on the Spanish forum I realise that perhaps I should have waited a week before posting. I'll remember that next time, although as I've tried to get ahead with a few pieces many won't be the result of just one week's work. My sight-reading abilities just aren't up to that, at least for some pieces.
I'm looking forward to seeing how others are getting on....

Best wishes,

Stewart
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Gabriel-guégan
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Gabriel-guégan » Sat Sep 27, 2014 7:54 am

On the Spanish forum. Had you read the comments about alternate fingering for the "Vaghe bellezze..." measure 2 ?
I trying to use the 3th for the E but... i have some difficulties to keep a good sound :chaud:

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Marko Räsänen
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marko Räsänen » Sat Sep 27, 2014 12:38 pm

Gabriel-guégan wrote:On the Spanish forum. Had you read the comments about alternate fingering for the "Vaghe bellezze..." measure 2 ?
I trying to use the 3th for the E but... i have some difficulties to keep a good sound :chaud:
Hi Gabriel,

I just tried the alternate fingering for measure 2, and agree with your finding. It's very difficult to reach with finger 3 and still get clean sound, and I think that's why professor Delcamp has changed the original fingering to use 4. On a shorter scale instrument, there would be no problem. In my opinion it's more beneficial from studying point of view to try to keep 4 on the 2nd string for as long as possible before moving it to 5th string, rather than practice for a buzz free sound with finger 3.
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Marko Räsänen
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marko Räsänen » Sat Sep 27, 2014 12:54 pm

Stewart Doyle wrote:Finally, another piece I've been playing for a while but it still needs more work on the second section and a general speed up.

Anonyme - Vaghe bellezze e bionde trecce d'oro vedi che per ti moro
Well done, Stewart! :bravo: I watched your video closely to see if there was something I could help you with, but I couldn't see anything like that. The trickiest part for me was the pinky jump from the 2nd to the 6th string between measures 21 and 22 (and back to the 2nd string later in measure 22) while trying to make it sound legato. I didn't find any workaround for that. Just practice, practice, practice... and it will strengthen the pinky. You'll need that strength for later when the pinky barrés will start to appear in music :D
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Gabriel-guégan
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Gabriel-guégan » Sat Sep 27, 2014 7:08 pm

Hello
This year i will try to follow the course here too. Do not be too hard with the small French
To initiate my participation on the English forum, here is one of my summer works
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Marko Räsänen
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Marko Räsänen » Sun Sep 28, 2014 5:30 am

Good work Gabriel! :bravo:

For Melodía de Sor, I would suggest to try to make the melody more legato.
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Re: D05 Classical guitar lesson 01

Post by Gabriel-guégan » Sun Sep 28, 2014 7:55 am

Thanks Marko for your advise.
I try to but time has to make its work, nevertheless this score accompanies me for a long time
I am going to continue on that course
:bye:

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